Agra is situated on the west bank of river Yamuna is about 22 kilometres from Delhi. The earliest mention of Agra is found in the Indian epic from Mahabharat as Agraban(Paradise) while another theory describes the city as Agragriha or one of the earliest homes of the Aryans. But historical evidences of Mughal Architecture having precious and indigenous art of Marble Inlay.It came into prominence when the Sikander Lodhi, a ruler of Afghan Dynasty decide to shift his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1501, in order t have a better control over his empire.Agra grew into an important commercial and cultural centre.
After Sikanders death in 1517, his son Ibrahim Lodi begin rule but lost both power and his life to Babur, a Turk, in the battle of Panipatt in 1526. Babur a native of Kabul and the son of the ruler of Fergana near Samarkand was a descendent from the Tartar warriors- Timur through his father and Ghengis Khan, through his mother. He ruled Kabul for 7 years and then set his eyes on the riches of India and after a few unsuccessful attempts from 1518 to 1525 he took over Agra, with the help of his trusted followers. He became the first Mughal Monarch who also paved the way for the rule of the Mughals in India. From the reign of Babur to that of Aurangzeb, in a period spanning more than one hundred and eighty years, Agra became synonymous with the Mughals inn India and witnessed a glorious era of immense wealth, unparalleled enterprise and artistic Talent of indigenous art of Marble Inlay.